Compare and contrast forms of dual federalism and cooperative federalism?

Dual federalism: Think of it as a layer cake in which national and state governments are split into their own independent spheres. This form of government revolves around the idea that both national and state governments are sovereign within their own spheres. This results in a relationship between state governments and national governments that relies on tension rather than cooperation.

Cooperative federalism: Think of it as a marble cake in which national and state governments work together to solve common problems and are each individual parts to a whole. This form of federalism revolves around making policies equally and not separately. This results in a relationship between state governments and national governments that relies on cooperation rather than tension.

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