In a redox reaction, electrons are transferred?

remember this…"reduction means reduction in charge"

and this follows naturally…

reduction means reduction in charge by gaining electrons
oxidation means increase in charge by losing electrons.
species reduced is oxidizing agent
species oxidized is reducing agent.

why is reduction the gain of electrons? because electrons are negative. the more negative electrons you add, the lower the charge. why is the species reduced the oxidizing agent? think of it as one species helping the other change. the reduced species helps the other oxidize. ie, the species reduced is the oxidizing agent.

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now that you have all that straight…

the species oxidized gives up electrons to the species reduced.

do you see that? oxidized is increase in charge by giving up electrons? reduced is reduced in charge by gaining electrons?

continuing…

the species oxidized gives up electrons to the species reduced.
ie..
the species oxidized gives up electrons to the oxidizing agent.
ie..
the reducing agent gives up electrons to the oxidizing agent
ie…
the reducing agent gives up electrons to the species reduced

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now which of your possible answers are correct?

not A
not B.
not C.. the substance reduced is the oxidizing agent
D is true…
not E..

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Nathan.. if you've had that exact question and you still have time to change your answer.. better get to changing…

The answer is D.

Remember this: LEO the lion says GER.
(LEO) Loss of Electrons is Oxidation.
(GER) Gain of Electrons is Reduction.

Oxidizing agents are reduced.
Reducing agents are oxidized.

So, the answer would be D since the substance being oxidized is losing electrons, and the substance being reduced is gaining electrons.

E.

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